Grenadier regiments were originally formed in the seventeenth century as specialist grenade throwing units. Grenade throwing was dangerous and difficult in the seventeenth century and to cope with the demands of the role Grenadiers were often physically large and extremely brave. By the eighteenth century grenade throwing was a lot safer and easier however the Grenadier regiments still recruited tough, muscular men to serve in their ranks. As a result, Grenadier regiments tended to lead assaults and were often used as shock units.
In the seventeenth century there were two types of musket: the fusil and the matchlock. The matchlock was cheaper to manufacturer but required the gunpowder to be ignited by an open flame on a cord (the matchlock). The fusil was lighter, more accurate and easier to use; it also did not need an open flame to fire. A Fusilier was a soldier who used a fusil. In the early days of the Fusilier they were associated with the artillery as it was a lot safer to have fusils around barrels of gunpowder rather than matchlock muskets.
Dragoons were soldiers who rode into battle on horseback but fought on foot. Most countries disbanded their Dragoon regiments after the First World War as they had little use against tanks and fighter planes. In 1917, an Australian regiment of Dragoons took part in one of the last cavalry charges in history at the Battle of Beersheba in Syria.
A Highlander was a soldier who served in one of the Highland regiments recruited from the north of Scotland. The first Highland regiments were formed in the second half of the eighteenth century after the British government crushed the Jacobite Rebellion in 1746. Highlanders were famed for the kilts they wore in battle and their ferociousness, the Germans nicknamed them ‘Ladies from Hell’ during the First World War.